We're taking a few steps forward this time.
The holidays are coming up. I'm conveniently (for you) making a few picture frames as presents. The presents are technically what's inside the frame, but that's not the point.
I'm often asked what pair of hollows and rounds a woodworker should start with. The answer, like everything else, is that it depends. I imagine that the 6s, 8s and 10s will have their place in everybody's shop (radii of 6/16, 8/16 and 10/16, respectively), probably the 4s too. This, of course doesn't help somebody that's looking for one pair.
My recommendation is as follows: if you want one pair pick an ogee you like and I'll help you pick a pair to make that. If, however, you can swing it, get two pairs. Once you have two pairs you'll be able to introduce ovular shapes. It's at this stage that you're truly able to recognize the versatility of these planes. I also encourage people to get two pairs that are not too close. Get the 4s and 8s or the 6s and 10s. You'll be able to make scores of very different profiles with just those two pairs.
I'm introducing ovular shapes here. These planes are still being steered by the rabbets and chamfers. It's not freehand, but at times it may feel like it's approaching that.
Dimensions from top right corner
Red rabbet: 27/64w x 18/64h
Purple: 42/64w x 8/64h
Green: 19/64 x 22/64
Black: 2/64 x 28/64
from to left corner
(you'll need either a sash fillister, extremely straight grain, a very steady hand or a table saw for this one.)
Orange: 28/64 x 8/64
#6 round followed by #10 round
Chamfer with Rabbet
#6 hollow followed by #10 hollow
Rabbet followed by #2 hollow
And the results
These picture frame profiles often look a little off. Once it's together they're pretty nice.
Note: a profile like this is worked from both edges. You'll need straight grain or a scraper.
PS It may feel like we're jumping all over the place. By seeing more complex profiles you'll start to piece it together on your own. We'll get back to the basics in the coming days.
How do the rabbets act as depth gauges? How do the planes, themselves, act as depth gauges?